Monday, May 27, 2019


LUKE 22:14-20
(See also Matthew 26:26-30
and Mark 14:18)

Luke 22:14 And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.

Susie: “The hour” would be sundown when Passover officially began. All twelve of the apostles were with Jesus for the Passover meal, including Judas who was plotting to betray Him.

Susan: This proves that the Jewish people were “night people” since their day began at night. I and many others of you are in good company. LOL

Luke 22:15-16 And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer: For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.

Susan: The double use of “with desire I have desired” is a method of emphasis in the Hebrew language. We might say, “I have passionately desired.” He wanted to celebrate the Passover with His family of apostles because He knew the last part of His journey He would have to endure alone, for even the Father would turn His back on Him.

Luke 22:17-18 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves: For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.
Susie: This was the first cup of wine out of four taken in the Passover Seder. We will explain them a bit further in the lesson. This cup signified God’s promise to rescue the Israelites from Egypt and set them apart as His people once more. It represents sanctification, purifying and dedicating the people. Jesus had the apostles share this cup, but it is not the one that represented His blood shed for us.

Luke 22:19 And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.

Susan: The operative word here is “remembrance.” The Passover meal established by God and delivered by Moses was done in remembrance of how God delivered the Israelites from slavery in Egypt. It was only a foreshadowing of the ultimate deliverance from slavery to sin and death that Jesus would accomplish on the cross for Jew and Gentile alike. The Passover meal was a prophetic type of Jesus’s being the perfect sacrificial, Passover Lamb. The ordinance of Communion or Lord’s Supper established by Jesus at His last Passover meal belongs to the church which includes both Jews and Gentiles who trust in Jesus alone for salvation.

Susie: The instructions for the Passover meal in Deuteronomy make clear that the bread was unleavened—cooked without soda, yeast, or any other ingredient that would make it rise. Think Matza cracker.

Deuteronomy 16:3 Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction; for thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life.

Susan: John’s gospel tells us that Jesus referred to Himself as the “Bread of Life” (John 6:35) and even portrays Himself as manna that came from Heaven:

John 6:51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

Susan: Therefore, since Jesus is the “Bread of Life,” it is befitting that He used the bread to represent His body.

Susie: Look at a Matza cracker. It has brown stripes to remind us of the beating Jesus was given with a cat-o’-nine-tails and has tiny holes to remind us that His hands, feet, and side were pierced.

Luke 22:20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

Susan: There are four cups of diluted wine used in the Passover Seder. Each of the cups are associated with promises God gave the Israelites but have their ultimate meaning in the promise fulfilled in the Messiah, Jesus Christ who gave His life for people of all races.

Susie: We synthesized the following chart from information we found at:
We both felt this was the most concise explanation of the significance of the four cups we had ever seen.

The Four Cups
Promises in Exodus 6:6-7
Fulfillment in the Messiah, Jesus Christ
“I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.”
“And for their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they also may be sanctified by the truth” (John 17:19).
“I will rescue you from their bondage.”
“And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free” (John 8:32).
“I will redeem you with an outstretched arm.”
“But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons” (Galatians 4:4-5).
“I will take you as My people.”
“These things I have spoken to you, that My joy may remain in you, and that your joy may be full” (John 15:11).

Susan: The cup that Jesus designated as representing His blood which would begin the new testament or covenant was the Cup of Redemption. The verse associated with this cup is Exodus 6:6b, “I will redeem you with an outstretched arm.” Wow! Think about Jesus’s position on the cross! This gives me goose bumps of the Holy Ghost kind!

Jeremiah 31:31-34  Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the Lord: But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the Lord: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.

Ponder this and Apply it: In the symbolism of the Lord’s Supper, we see the stripes Jesus bore at the hands of the Romans, the holes created in His flesh by the nails and spear, His arms stretched out upon the cross, and the blood He shed to redeem us from the grip of sin and death. Jesus tells us to observe communion in remembrance of Him. The next time you partake of the bread and the wine (or juice), solemnly but joyfully remember the sacrifice it represents.