Luke 22:1-2 Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover. And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people.
Susan: The Passover commemorated the night of the tenth plague in Egypt. God slew the firstborn children and cattle of the Egyptians. He had Moses instruct the Israelites how to avoid this calamity. They were to sprinkle the blood of a lamb or goat without any defect (foreshadowing the blood of God’s perfect Lamb, Jesus) on the doorposts and lintels of their dwelling places. When God saw the blood, He would “pass over” that house and not kill the firstborn there. You can read the account of this event in Exodus chapter 12 and see that God set it up as a perpetual, commemorative celebration that is still observed by the Jewish people today.
Susie: The religious leaders may have been planning to wait until after the feast of unleavened bread, the Passover, to find a way to kill Jesus when there were fewer people in Jerusalem because they feared His supporters would riot. However, God orchestrated the timing of Jesus’s death to be at exactly when Passover lambs were being killed. Jesus was the final Passover Lamb whose blood saves those who trust in Him from sin and death. Jesus’s death ended the need for the Jewish sacrificial system as no greater sacrifice could be made.
Luke 22:3 Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve.
John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible as quoted at
Then entered Satan into Judas,.... At the same time that the Sanhedrim were sitting, and consulting about the death of Christ, Satan, or the adversary, as the word signifies, the devil, who is the enemy of the Messiah, the woman's seed, entered into Judas; not corporeally, as he did into those that were possessed by him; but he entered "into his heart", as the Ethiopic version renders it; he put it into his heart to betray him, as it is said in John 13:2 he stirred up, and worked upon the corruptions of his heart; suggested evil things to his mind, and baited his temptations agreeable to his malice and covetousness . . .
Susie: Judas did not behave as the obviously demon-possessed people Jesus and His disciples had encountered during His three years of ministry. However, Satan was pulling the strings of Judas Iscariot’s heart and mind to cause him to betray the Lord.
Susan: Many commentators speculate on the motive Judas had for betraying Jesus. Some say he may have been trying to force Jesus’s hand to lead an uprising and declare Himself king. Others say Judas only followed Jesus as a possible way to gain wealth or prestige. It is noted that scripture never records Judas as calling Jesus “Lord” but only “Rabbi” meaning “Teacher.” An excellent article on this topic may be found at https://www.gotquestions.org/Judas-betray-Jesus.html.
Luke 22:4-6 And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them. And they were glad, and covenanted to give him money. And he promised, and sought opportunity to betray him unto them in the absence of the multitude.
Susan: Judas approached the religious leaders and conspired with them to deliver Jesus to them away from the crowds. Both the priests and Judas wanted to capture Jesus privately, the priests to avoid a coup and Judas to minimize his own shame.
Susie: Matthew’s gospel tells us the exact amount Judas was paid:
Matthew 26:14-15 (ESV) Then one of the twelve, whose name was Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests and said, “What will you give me if I deliver him over to you?” And they paid him thirty pieces of silver.
Susie: Thirty pieces of silver was the price of a slave. Judas handed Jesus, the Messiah, over to those who would have Him killed for the mere sum it would take to buy a slave. This exact sum was prophesied by Zechariah. Too late, Judas would regret taking this bribe and throw it on the temple floor.
Zechariah 11:13 And the Lord said to me, “Throw it to the potter”—that princely price they set on me. So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them into the house of the Lord for the potter.
MacArthur Study Bible
Zechariah 11:13 The prophet received further instruction in acting out the drama that pictures the rejection of Christ, namely to throw the 30 pieces into the temple. This was fulfilled when Judas Iscariot, laden with guilt, went back and threw the blood money on the temple floor. The priests gathered the money and used it to buy a field from a potter (cf. Matt. 27:3–10). princely price. This ultimate sarcasm from God greeted the ultimate insult from humanity.
Ponder this and Apply it: It is difficult for us to reconcile the fact that Judas could walk alongside Jesus during His earthly ministry and still be unbelieving. However, this shows us that there may be people who are only “going through the motions” or even what the Bible calls “tares among the wheat” (Matthew 13:24-40). There are those who have not yet trusted Jesus and are still relying on their own good works. These we need to lovingly show the truth. There are those who infiltrate the ranks of God’s army to try to lead us astray. This is the reason why we must be saturated with the word of God so the Holy Spirit may give us discernment. Since we do not know for certain who are “wheat” (true believers) and who are “tares” (tools of Satan), we must share Jesus with all and trust Him for the outcome. We must show His love to others and share the Gospel with everyone.